News Opinions/Publications 9 amaz­ing facts about the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage that most peo­ple don’t know

9 amaz­ing facts about the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage that most peo­ple don’t know

The szabadone​bre​dok​.com is col­lect­ed 9 inter­est­ing things about the Hun­gar­i­an language:

1. Did you know that one of the ear­li­est remain­ing frag­ments of the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage was found in Nova Sco­tia, Cana­da?

Yarmouth Coun­ty Muse­um in Nova Sco­tia keeps a unique arti­fact – Runic Stone, which proves that at least one Hun­gar­i­an was in Amer­i­ca before Colum­bus. Tyrkir, who accom­pa­nied Vikings on the voy­age of the great dis­cov­er­ies around the year 1000, was Hun­gar­i­an. Samuel Laing has first dis­closed this infor­ma­tion about Tyrkir back in 1844, in Lon­don. Tyrkir carved in stone a 13-char­ac­ter inscrip­tion. Many the­o­ries and cen­turies lat­er lin­guists denied the Norse Rune the­o­ry. The text on the stone was not writ­ten with a Runic alpha­bet, but in the Old Hun­gar­i­an. In 1984 Szil­va Lajos­né has trans­lat­ed the infa­mous inscrip­tion – Eric­son járt e helyen is sok társával. 

2. Did you know that one of the most valu­able incunab­u­lum in the Library of the British Muse­um in Lon­don has a fol­low­ing open­ing sen­tence –“Az Eph­esom helyeknek yrth Zent Pál lev­elének elsew capi­toli­u­ma”. The text, which is writ­ten in Hun­gar­i­an, is a part of the book that was pub­lished in 1533.

3. Did you know that a group of lin­guists from the Depart­ment of Lin­guis­tics and Pho­net­ics of Sor­bonne Uni­ver­si­ty decid­ed to con­duct an antiq­ui­ty exam of the sev­er­al languages?

With a help of mod­ern tech­nolo­gies and nec­es­sary tools sci­en­tists decid­ed to estab­lish which lan­guages has pre­served the most ancient ele­ments of lit­er­a­cy and has the most ety­mons (the lin­guis­tic form from which anoth­er form is his­tor­i­cal­ly derived). Accord­ing to the results: mod­ern Eng­lish con­tains 4% of ety­mons, Latin 5%, Hebrew 5%, the Pacif­ic lan­guages 7%, Indi­an lan­guages 9%, Tibetan San­skrit 12%, ancient Turk­ish and Turk­men 26%; how­ev­er the lan­guage that con­tains the most of ety­mons is mod­ern Hun­gar­i­an – 68%! 

4. Did you know that lin­guists put a huge empha­sis on the ques­tion of antiq­ui­ty of mod­ern languages? 

They con­duct sci­en­tif­ic research ana­lyz­ing ancient ances­tors and range of evi­dences from the tests. The Hun­gar­i­an lin­guists, his­to­ri­ans, pro­fes­sors have been work­ing on that mat­ter for over than 200 years. Every­one from Ker­este­si József, Horváth István, Kőrösi Cso­ma Sán­dor, Tánc­sis Mihá­ly, Var­ga Zsig­mond, Pass Lás­zló and many oth­er inspir­ing Hun­gar­i­an pro­fes­sion­als have shown impres­sive ded­i­ca­tion in con­duct­ing the antiq­ui­ty exam­i­na­tions of the Euroasi­at­ic lan­guages. KeményFer­enc is a lin­guist (he under­stands 40 lan­guages and speaks 15) claims that the old­est of the Euroasi­at­ic lan­guages is the Hun­gar­i­an language.

5. Did you know that Hun­gar­i­an fam­i­ly names have been used as the geo­graph­i­cal names in many places all over the world?

Dr. Vámos-Tóth Bátor, who lives on Hawaii Islands, and his col­leagues have done a great job col­lect­ing exam­ples of the Hun­gar­i­an names and words used in the coun­tries on all across the globe. They have estab­lished that over 6000 loca­tions have Hun­gar­i­an names. There are many exam­ples of the Hun­gar­i­an names giv­en to geo­graph­ic loca­tions, cities, small­er towns, rivers, and hills in India, Iraq, Mal­ta, Tunisia, Burk­i­na Faso, Philip­pines, and Cau­ca­sus region, along­side Udmur­tia. The most com­mon names are: Almás, Kál­di, Koc­sis, and Vajas. 

6. Did you know that Sir John Bowring, who was an Eng­lish polit­i­cal econ­o­mist, trav­eller, poly­glot and a 4th Gov­er­nor of Hong Kong, spoke flu­ent Hun­gar­i­an?

He trans­lat­ed many Hun­gar­i­an poems into Eng­lish ‑the book title was “Poet­ry of Mag­yars”. As a fore­word of the book he wrote the fol­low­ing :” The Mag­yar lan­guage stands afar off and alone. The study of oth­er tongues will be found of exceed­ing­ly lit­tle use towards its right under­stand­ing. It is mold­ed in a form essen­tial­ly its own, and its con­struc­tion and com­po­si­tion may be safe­ly referred to an epoch when most of the liv­ing tongues of Europe either had no exis­tence, or no influ­ence on the Hun­gar­i­an region.”

7. Did you know that the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage is one of a kind in term of Effects of Com­pres­sion on language? 

There is no denial about this lan­guage being a tru­ly unique lin­guis­tic phe­nom­e­non. The Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage is very rich, and has absolute­ly unique pho­net­ics of the con­so­nants. Along­side 19 noun cas­es, numer­ous suf­fix­es, pre­fix­es, and verb conjugation. 

8. Did you know that in the West­ern coun­tries alpha­bet usu­al­ly con­tains around 7 vow­els?

For exam­ple, in Italy there are only 5. Where­as the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage rec­og­nizes and uses 14 vow­els: a‑á, e‑é, i‑I, o‑ó, ö‑ő, u‑ú, ü‑ű.

9. Did you know that in the list of the most melod­ic lan­guages first comes the Ital­ian lan­guage, fol­lowed by the Greek and the third most melod­ic lan­guage is the Hungarian?

Giuseppe Mez­zo­fan­ti, who was an Ital­ian car­di­nal and famous lin­guist and hyper poly­glot (he could write in 58 lan­guages and could speak 103 lan­guages), once said to the Czech lin­guist, Lud­wig August Fran­kl: “Do you know which lan­guage is equal to Latin and Greek in its struc­ture and rhyth­mic har­mo­ny? It is the Hun­gar­i­an lan­guage. I am famil­iar with the new Hun­gar­i­an poets, whose vers­es are com­plete­ly mes­mer­iz­ing. Let us watch the future, for the poet­ic genius will have a sud­den upswing, which will prove my state­ment to be true. It seem as if the Hun­gar­i­ans them­selves do not real­ize what a trea­sure is hid­den in their lan­guage.” trans­lat­ed by Eka­te­ri­na Egorova

Source: szabadone​bre​dok​.hu / dai​ly​hun​gary​.com